Глобальный индекс экосистем стартапов 2022

2022 | StartupBlink View the Global Startup Map p. 105 Positive momentum in their national rankings can be seen for Malaga as well, ranked 6th in Spain and 351st in the world, yet Malaga dropped 58 spots globally. This positive national momentum for Seville and Malaga can be explained by the decrease of other ecosystems, including Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ranked 360th) and Santa Cruz de Tenerife (ranked 372nd). Improvements in Spain’s startup scene can be seen at the level of its lowest tier: Donostia-San Sebastian jumped 193 spots to 414th and Pamplona made a meteoric jump of 378 places to 430th. Significant momentum was registered also in Oviedo, A Coruna, Alicante, and Castellon de la Plana. Spain excels in the Quantity score where it ranks 7th in the world, boasting a multitude of ecosystems. Some of the new ecosystems that have entered the top 1000 this year are Córdoba, Valladolid, Lleida, Reus, Elche, Vigo, Manresa, Granollers, Cadiz, Salamanca, Sant Just Desvern, and Almería. This brings the total number of Spanish ecosystems in the top 1000 to 39, a substantial increase from last year’s 28 cities. Such an increase in the number of ranked cities is a very positive sign of a maturing ecosystem; it somewhat compensated for the negative momentum of Spain's top 8 ecosystems. In order to reverse its decline in the Index, Spain should further invest in growing these smaller ecosystems while helping larger ecosystems regain their competitiveness in the global arena. Startup Ecosystem Overview The Spanish startup ecosystem is younger than other European countries and offers entrepreneurs a more affordable cost of living, in addition to an abundance of sunny weather. Unlike most centric European countries, Spain is blessed with two strong ecosystems, Barcelona and Madrid. While these two cities are the backbone of the Spanish startup scene, a lot of innovation and talent has come out of Valencia and other younger startup ecosystems in Spain. However, Spain needs to create more global startups to help lead its ecosystems, and prevent brain drain by providing opportunities to its most ambitious talent. Ironically, long-term high unemployment rates in Spain have had positive effects on the Spanish startup ecosystem, as the difficulty in finding high quality jobs pushes more people toward entrepreneurship. This phenomenon is especially relevant in times of crisis when the social safety net is contracting. Regulations to help attract talent have already been established, and foreign entrepreneurs can use an entrepreneur visa or Start Up visa to establish a company in Spain. Spain’s economy is known for its red tape and bureaucracy, which needs to be confronted in order to allow startups to truly advance. Addressing the challenge of regulation reform, the Spanish government has launched the Spain Entrepreneurial Nation, a tenyear plan to position Spain’s brand as a country focused on innovation and entrepreneurship.