Глобальный индекс экосистем стартапов 2022

2022 | StartupBlink View the Global Startup Map p. 16 3. Business Environment Score The third and final factor affecting the rankings is unique since it focuses on general indicators connected to infrastructure, business environment, ecosystem critical mass, and the ability to freely operate as a startup founder in each country. The Business Environment score, often abbreviated as simply Business score, is mainly focused on parameters at the country level, since national infrastructure, policies, and legislation generally affect all cities within a country. The main component of the Business score is a weighted average that takes into account a broad range of elements within each country, as presented in the list below. In addition, the Business score also takes into account a critical mass threshold of activity in a city, which can explain part of the score differential between cities in the same country. As our policy is to avoid assumptions on the causes influencing the success of an ecosystem, we do our best to avoid indicators that might have an ambiguous influence, and only take into account those which are clearly negative or positive. For example, painfully slow internet or massive restrictions in internet use will most likely form an obstacle to the growth of the ecosystem. On the other hand, we disregard elements like cost of living, since this can have both positive and negative effects on an ecosystem. Among the elements taken into account for the calculation of the Business score in each ecosystem are: Diversity index Internet speed Internet freedom R&D investment Availability of various technological services (payment portals, ride-sharing apps, cryptocurrency) Number of patents per capita Level of English proficiency Top universities per location