Глобальный индекс экосистем стартапов 2022

2022 | StartupBlink View the Global Startup Map p. 38 It should be noted that although North America is not the region with the most cities in the top 1000, it is by far the most dominant region among the top 100 cities, leading in both the number of cities ranked between 1-30, where it has 12 cities (40%), and cities ranked 31-100, where it has 28 cities (also 40%). By comparison, Europe, which leads in the number of cities in the rankings (42.6%), has only 6 cities in the top 30 (20%), and 23 cities ranked 31-100 (32%). Similarly, North America clearly dominantes the top charts of all ranked startup industries, as presented later in the report. The city of San Francisco is the undisputed leader in all ranked industries, and some of its key contenders, New York, Los Angeles, and Boston, demonstrate that North American ecosystems - and particularly those in the US - are dominant hubs of global innovation. The European region has the most cities in the global top 1000, with 426 cities in 2022 (42.6%), compared to 386 cities (38.6%) in 2021. The number of European countries in the top 100 increased, from 44 in 2021 to 46 in 2022. This reveals the massive diversity of technological hubs in Europe. And yet, Europe's momentum is not entirely positive. While Europe's presence among the top 1000 cities improved, only 18 of 46 ranked European countries improved their rankings this year, and 20 of them dropped. Further, 132 ranked European cities improved their rankings (excluding the cities that joined the ranking for the first time), while 200 cities dropped in rank. This suggests that while there is much startup activity in Europe, the European region is still lagging behind other regions in realizing high impact startup economies. This is further demonstrated by the fact that the European region is stronger on the number of cities ranked on the bottom tiers: 84 cities ranked 101-300 (42%), and 313 cities ranked 301-1000 (44%). There is a lot of startup activity in Europe, but much of it does not scale up to global levels. Unlike North America, Europe does not share a common language, which might explain why startups find it more difficult to scale as compared to North American ecosystems. In an interesting analysis, The Economist has shown that while the USA spawned 4 tech companies reaching a combined $1 trillion in valuation over the last 3 decades (Google, Amazon, Tesla, and Facebook), None of Europe’s tech youths has managed to reach $100 billion in valuation. These have been disappointing decades when considering the potential of Europe to lead the world on technology and innovation. Recent trends indicate that with a focus on sustainability and new technologies, this might be finally changing. Asia-Pacific regional performance is generally positive. Only 6 of the 19 ranked countries in this region decreased their rankings, consolidating the area as a global leader in innovation. The region’s ecosystems are maturing, as 7 out of the 10 Asian Pacific countries ranked in the top 50 have improved their rankings. In the global top 100 cities, the region increased from 20 to 22, showing that the region is growing its global dominance, with three countries now in the global top 10. One cannot discuss the state of Asia Pacific without mentioning China, which plays a unique role in the growth of the region due to its size and economic clout. Unless reversed, China's negative momentum this year may negatively influence this region's overall performance in upcoming years. As we discuss in this report, China dropped in the ranking this year, its score falling to a level that threatens its position in the global top 10 next year. A further sign of a Chinese decline in comparison to North American startups is given in the chapter "Ecosystem Ranking by Number of Special Entities" of this report. Our analysis shows that the pace of producing unicorns and exits in the US has been significantly higher than in China this year.

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